Sunday

TNPSC Current Affairs July 29, 2017 for Group 1, Group 2,2a, Group 4, VAO and other exams

TNPSC Current Affairs July 2017

1.New revenue division for Tiruvannamalai district.

Tamil Nadu Chief Minister announced the new revenue division for Tiruvannamalai District. The new revenue division will become the third division with Arni as its Headquarters that comprise Arni, Polur, Kalasapakkama and Jamunamarathur taluks. The other two revenue divisions of Tiruvannamalai district are Cheyyar and Tiruvannamalai.

2.Sir Joseph Dalton Hooker’s Flora of British India.

June 30 this year is 200th birth anniversary of JD Hooker. JD Hooker was one of the greatest Botanist from England. He travelled widely in eastern Himalaya and described more than 3,000 species of plants in his seven volume book “Flora of British India”. This is the first and the only authoritative account of the plants of the sub-continent.

Friday

TNPSC Current Affairs July 27, 2017 for Group 1, Group 2,2a, Group 4, VAO and other exams

TNPSC Current Affairs July 2017


1.Prime Minister launched Deep Sea fishing project in Rameswaram.

Prime Minister has launched Deep Sea fishing project in Rameswaram, Tamil Nadu, to find a permanent solution to the annoying Fishermen issue. As per the new scheme over 2000  trawlers will switch over to construct tuna longliner trawlers under the ‘Blue Revolution’ scheme.

The project will replace the trawlers with 2000 deep-sea fishing boats with long lines and gill nets in 3 years. The production of deep-sea fishing boats takes 9 months but as per project, it planned to compress the period into 6 months.

 It also end the Indian fishermen trespass the Sri Lankan water while fishing in Palk straight and get arrested by Sri Lankan Navy.

As per the project, Centre would sponsor the beneficiary with 50 per cent and State government with 20 Per cent. Then Beneficiary has to contribute 10 per cent and beneficiaries would be helped to raise 20 Per cent institutional finance.

Why Deep Sea fishing project?
  • The deep sea Fishing project aims to end the bottom trawling by Indian Fisherman.
  • The project will train the fisherman in deep sea fishing and capacity building and the Fisheries College and Research Institute, Thoothukudi, has come forward to open a training centre for deep-sea fishing in Kanniyakumari district
  • The deep sea voyage duration is around 15 to 28 days, it can yield 8-10 tonnes of fish and get profit around Rs 7- 8 lakhs. 

Bottom Trawling and its impact: 
  • Bottom Trawling is the main issue between Indian and Srilankan Fisherman.
  • Bottom Trawling is a trawling along the sea floor using heavily weighted nets, which is considered very bad in fishing circles as it wipes out everything in their path including coral reefs, sea grasses or rock gardens which fish hide from predators.
  • Bottom trawling will end up many creatures mistakenly including endangered fish and even vulnerable corals which can live for several years.
  • It also destroys large areas of seafloor habitat which give food and shelter to marine species and this will leave the marine ecosystem permanently damaged

Carbon dating confirms Keezhadi Excavation is from sangam era..

TNPSC Current Affairs July 2017

 The 2 samples sent by Archaeological survey of India for Carbon dating from Keezhadi site has confirmed by USA’s Beta Analitc Inc ,that it belongs to Sangam era which is more than 2,200 years old.
Carbon Dating has confirmed that 2 samples are belonging to 3rd Century BC and now it will help to reconstruct the ancient Tamil society.

About Carbon Dating: (source:NCERT)
  • Radiocarbon or carbon 14(C14) is a radioactive isotope of carbon which is present in all living objects. It decays like all radio-active substancs, at a uniform rate.
  • When an object is living, the process of the decay of C14 is neutralized by absorption of C14 through air and food.
  • However when an object ceases to be alive, its C14 content continues to decay at uniform rate but it ceases to absorb from C14 air and food.
  • By measuring the loss of C14 content in an ancient object, its age can be determined.
  • The decay of C14 takes place at a uniform rate. It is known that the half-life C14 of is 5568 years.

Gethsie Shanmugam, Sri Lankan teacher wins Ramon Magasaysay award.

TNPSC Current Affairs July 2017

Sri Lankan teacher Gethsie Shanmugam , has won the one among the six recipient of Ramson Magasaysay award for counselled war widows and orphans to overcome their nightmares.

The other 5 winners are
2.Yoshiaki Ishizawa, Japanese historian for helping Cambodians to preserve Angkor temples.
3.Abdon Nababan, an Indonesian working for the return of large tracts of forest land to indigenous communities,
4.Tony Tay, Singapore businessman who leads the cooking of 6,000 meals a day for the destitute,
5. The Philippine Educational Theater Association, a theater group which stood up to a dictatorship and Lilia de Lima,
6. Filipino who oversaw the opening of job-generating export processing zones(source dailymirror).

 About Ramon Magasaysay award:
Ramon Magsaysay award is an annual award to perpetuate former Philippines president Ramon Magsaysay, which is estabished on 1957 for courageous service to the people, and pragmatic idealism within a democratic society by the trustee of Rockfeller brothers fund based on US. This award is considered as Asia's Nobel Prize.

Prime Minister launched Deep Sea fishing project in Rameswaram.

TNPSC Current Affairs July 2017

Prime Minister has launched Deep Sea fishing project in Rameswaram, Tamil Nadu, to find a permanent solution to the annoying Fishermen issue. As per the new scheme over 2000  trawlers will switch over to construct tuna long liner trawlers under the ‘Blue Revolution’ scheme.

The project will replace the trawlers with 2000 deep-sea fishing boats with long lines and gill nets in 3 years. The production of deep-sea fishing boats takes 9 months but as per project, it planned to compress the period into 6 months.

 It also end the Indian fishermen trespass the Sri Lankan water while fishing in Palk straight and get arrested by Sri Lankan Navy.

As per the project, Centre would sponsor the beneficiary with 50 per cent and State government with 20 Per cent. Then Beneficiary has to contribute 10 per cent and beneficiaries would be helped to raise 20 Per cent institutional finance.

Why Deep Sea fishing project?
  • The deep sea Fishing project aims to end the bottom trawling by Indian Fisherman.
  • The project will train the fisherman in deep sea fishing and capacity building and the Fisheries College and Research Institute, Thoothukudi, has come forward to open a training centre for deep-sea fishing in Kanniyakumari district
  • The deep sea voyage duration is around 15 to 28 days, it can yield 8-10 tonnes of fish and get profit around Rs 7- 8 lakhs. 

Bottom Trawling and its impact: 



  • Bottom Trawling is the main issue between Indian and Srilankan Fisherman.
  • Bottom Trawling is a trawling along the sea floor using heavily weighted nets, which is considered very bad in fishing circles as it wipes out everything in their path including coral reefs, sea grasses or rock gardens which fish hide from predators.
  • Bottom trawling will end up many creatures mistakenly including endangered fish and even vulnerable corals which can live for several years.
  • It also destroys large areas of seafloor habitat which give food and shelter to marine species and this will leave the marine ecosystem permanently damaged

Thursday

TNPSC Current Affairs July 25, 2017 for Group 1, Group 2,2a, Group 4, VAO and other exams

TNPSC Current Affairs July 2017

1.Achievements made under Hamari Dharohar Scheme:

Hamari Dharohar scheme aims to preserve rich culture and heritage of minorities through selective intervention under the overall concept of Indian culture

The Main objective is to curate rich heritage of minorities under overall concept of Indian Culture, curting iconic exhibition, preservation of literature or documents , support and promotion of calligraphy and Research and development of minorities.

Under this scheme two important projects have been undertaken

An exhibition of Parsis (Zoroastrians) “The Everlasting Flame” to showcase the civilization and culture of the Parsis (Zoroastrians) was organized in 2016


Translating 240 invaluable documents belonging to Medieval period on the subjects of Medicines, Mathematics, Literature, etc. from Arabic language to English, digitization and re-printing by Dairatul Maarifil Osmania (an institution established in 1888 AD) under Osmania University, Telangana. (as per official release)


2.First Two NOPVs Launched by RDEL at Pipavav, Gujarat

Reliance Defence and Engineering Limited (RDEL) has launched the first two Shachi and Shruti NOPVs (Naval Offshore Patrol Vessels) at Pipavav, Gujarat. These 2 shisps are part of a five ship project being constructed for Indian Navy. It help to increase the ocean surveillance and patrolling capabilities of the Indian Navy.


3.Ramnath Kovind sworn in as President of India.

Ramnath Kovind sworn in as 14th President of India. President Kovind was administered oath by Chief Justice of India JS Khehar.







Achievements made under Hamari Dharohar Scheme:

TNPSC Current Affairs July 2017

Hamari Dharohar scheme aims to preserve rich culture and heritage of minorities through selective intervention under the overall concept of Indian culture

The Main objective is to curate rich heritage of minorities under overall concept of Indian Culture, curting iconic exhibition, preservation of literature or documents , support and promotion of calligraphy and Research and development of minorities.

Under this scheme two important projects have been undertaken

An exhibition of Parsis (Zoroastrians) “The Everlasting Flame” to showcase the civilization and culture of the Parsis (Zoroastrians) was organized in 2016


Translating 240 invaluable documents belonging to Medieval period on the subjects of Medicines, Mathematics, Literature, etc. from Arabic language to English, digitization and re-printing by Dairatul Maarifil Osmania (an institution established in 1888 AD) under Osmania University, Telangana. (as per official release)

TNPSC Current Affairs July 24, 2017 for Group 1, Group 2,2a, Group 4, VAO and other exams

TNPSC Current Affairs July 2017

1.India and the RCEP

India is looking forward for the negotiations for a Mega Free Trade Agreement called the RCEP (Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership) with the ten ASEAN member states and the group’s Free Trade Agreement partners.

2. Project Mausam: Maritime Routes and Cultural Landscapes

Project Mausam is an initiative of Ministry of Culture with Archaeological Society of India (ASI), New Delhi as the nodal agency and Indira Gandhi National Centre for the Arts (IGNCA), New Delhi as its Research Unit. Project Mausam was launched in June, 2014 during 38th session of the World Heritage Committee

Objective: 
  • The project aims to re-connect and re-establish communications between countries of the Indian Ocean world, which would lead to an enhanced understanding of cultural values and concerns; also focus is on understanding national cultures in their regional maritime milieu.
  • The Main objective of the project is to inscribe places and sites identified under Project Mausam as trans-national nomination for inscription on UNESCO’s World Heritage List.
  • Once Project Mausam gets the heritage status, no other project can interfere with the designated area.
  • India has identified 39 countries, including China and Pakistan, to be brought under this project.

 3.High Altitude Cloud Observatory near Munnar, Kerala

A high altitude cloud physics observatory has been established at Munnar, Kerala in Western Ghats, the region which is gateway for the monsoon of India. It will used to observe cloud and rain processes over that region with state of the art observations.

Importance:

It will help to understand the rainfall distribution and will allow better characterization of rainfall processes in the numerical models used for prediction of monsoon rainfall

It will help in monitoring cloud and rainfall processes enable for accurate representation of cloud micro-physical process in forecast models to improve over all skill of rainfall prediction for severe weather phenomena viz, heavy rainfall, thunderstorm etc., not only over Kerala but for the entire
Country

                                                                                                                             Source: Business Standard 

4.Protection and Preservation of Endangered Languages of India’ (SPPEL)

Central Government has initiated a Scheme known as Protection and Preservation of Endangered Languages of India’ (SPPEL), being implemented by Central Institute of Indian Languages (CIIL), Mysore. It aims to protect, preserve, and document all the mother tongues or languages of India which are spoken by less than1000 People. 

5.V.O.Chidambaranar Port gets National Award for Excellence in Cost Management


2016 National Award for Excellence in Cost Management has bagged by V.O Chidambaranar Port from ‘The Institute of Cost Accountants of India’ under the category “Transportation and Logistics”

Project Mausam: Maritime Routes and Cultural Landscapes

TNPSC Current Affairs July 2017

Project Mausam is an initiative of Ministry of Culture with Archaeological Society of India (ASI), New Delhi as the nodal agency and Indira Gandhi National Centre for the Arts (IGNCA), New Delhi as its Research Unit. Project Mausam was launched in June, 2014 during 38th session of the World Heritage Committee

Objective: 



  • The project aims to re-connect and re-establish communications between countries of the Indian Ocean world, which would lead to an enhanced understanding of cultural values and concerns; also focus is on understanding national cultures in their regional maritime milieu.
  • The Main objective of the project is to inscribe places and sites identified under Project Mausam as trans-national nomination for inscription on UNESCO’s World Heritage List.
  • Once Project Mausam gets the heritage status, no other project can interfere with the designated area.
  • India has identified 39 countries, including China and Pakistan, to be brought under this project.

High Altitude Cloud Observatory near Munnar, Kerala

TNPSC Current Affairs July 2017

A high altitude cloud physics observatory has been established at Munnar, Kerala in Western Ghats, the region which is gateway for the monsoon of India. It will used to observe cloud and rain processes over that region with state of the art observations.

Importance:

It will help to understand the rainfall distribution and will allow better characterization of rainfall processes in the numerical models used for prediction of monsoon rainfall

It will help in monitoring cloud and rainfall processes enable for accurate representation of cloud micro-physical process in forecast models to improve over all skill of rainfall prediction for severe weather phenomena viz, heavy rainfall, thunderstorm etc., not only over Kerala but for the entire
Country

                                                                                                                             Source: Business Standard

Monday

TNPSC Current Affairs July 22 and 23, 2017 for Group 1, Group 2,2a, Group 4, VAO and other exams

TNPSC Current Affairs July 2017

1.Batagur baska described as critically endangered turtle by IUCN

Batagur Baska (Northern river terrapin) is critically endangered turtle to get new home in water ponds in the Sunderbans Tiger Reserve. The 60 m long turtle is assumed extinct in several southeast Asian countries is classified as critically endangered by the International Union for Conservation of Nature ( IUCN) in its Red List of threatened species.

Batagur Baska described as the world’s second most endangered turtle and Yangtze giant soft shell turtle (Rafetus Swinhoei) is considered as the most endangered freshwater turtle.

About IUCN:
  • International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN) is an international, independent organization, founded in 1948, with headquarters in Gland, Switzerland.
  • It promotes and initiates scientifically based conservation measures and the ecologically sustainable use of natural resources
  • It publishes data books listing Red List of Threatened Species, a comprehensive assessment of the current risk of extinction of thousands of plant and animal species.


Batagur baska described as critically endangered turtle by IUCN

TNPSC Current Affairs July 2017

Batagur Baska (Northern river terrapin) is critically endangered turtle to get new home in water ponds in the Sunderbans Tiger Reserve. The 60 m long turtle is assumed extinct in several southeast Asian countries is classified as critically endangered by the International Union for Conservation of Nature ( IUCN) in its Red List of threatened species.

Batagur Baska described as the world’s second most endangered turtle and Yangtze giant soft shell turtle (Rafetus Swinhoei) is considered as the most endangered freshwater turtle.

About IUCN:



  • International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN) is an international, independent organization, founded in 1948, with headquarters in Gland, Switzerland.
  • It promotes and initiates scientifically based conservation measures and the ecologically sustainable use of natural resources
  • It publishes data books listing Red List of Threatened Species, a comprehensive assessment of the current risk of extinction of thousands of plant and animal species.

Saturday

India japan nuclear deal came into force

TNPSC Current Affairs July 2017

India and Japan civil nuclear deal came into force that would enable Japan to export nuclear power plant technology to India. It also can assist with finance for nuclear power plants in India.

India is the only non- None Proliferation treaty (NPT) signatory with which Japan has entered into the civil nuclear deal. As per deal Japan will assist India in nuclear waste management and could undertake joint manufacture of nuclear power plant components.

About NPT
  • Non Proliferation Treaty or NPT is also known as the treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons.
  • It is an international treaty to curb the spread of nuclear weapons, technology and help to use nuclear energy peacefully.
  • NPT came into force in March 1970. Initially 191 countries adhered to this; later in 2003 North Korea came out from NPT.
  • NPT countries are classified into 2 categories, Nuclear weapon state and Non-Nuclear Weapon state. NWS consists of US, Russia, china, France, and UK (all are permanent members of UN Security Council) and rest are NNWS.
  • Also NWS has agreed not to help NNWS state to develop acquire nuclear weapons.
  • India, Pakistan, Israel, South Sudan remain outside the treaty hence they possess nuclear weapons.
  • If they want to join in Non Proliferation Treaty they should dismantle all their nuclear weapons. Only South Africa joined in NPT on 1991 after dismantling all its Nuclear Weapons.


TNPSC Current Affairs July 20, 2017 for Group 1, Group 2,2a, Group 4, VAO and other exams

 TNPSC Current Affairs July 2017


1.India japan nuclear deal came into force

India and Japan civil nuclear deal came into force that would enable Japan to export nuclear power plant technology to India. It also can assist with finance for nuclear power plants in India.

India is the only non- None Proliferation treaty (NPT) signatory with which Japan has entered into the civil nuclear deal. As per deal Japan will assist India in nuclear waste management and could undertake joint manufacture of nuclear power plant components.

About NPT
  • Non Proliferation Treaty or NPT is also known as the treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons.
  • It is an international treaty to curb the spread of nuclear weapons, technology and help to use nuclear energy peacefully.
  • NPT came into force in March 1970. Initially 191 countries adhered to this; later in 2003 North Korea came out from NPT.
  • NPT countries are classified into 2 categories, Nuclear weapon state and Non-Nuclear Weapon state. NWS consists of US, Russia, china, France, and UK (all are permanent members of UN Security Council) and rest are NNWS.
  • Also NWS has agreed not to help NNWS state to develop acquire nuclear weapons.
  • India, Pakistan, Israel, South Sudan remain outside the treaty hence they possess nuclear weapons.
  • If they want to join in Non Proliferation Treaty they should dismantle all their nuclear weapons. Only South Africa joined in NPT on 1991 after dismantling all its Nuclear Weapons.


The 200th anniversary celebrations of the Paika Rebellion of Odisha

TNPSC Current Affairs July 2017
The President of India Shri Pranab Mukharjee, has inaugurated the 200th anniversary celebration of the heroic Paika Rebellion of Odisha, a valiant uprising of Paikas against the British rule.

About Paika’s



  • Paikas were peasant militias of the Gajapti rulers of Odisha.
  • Paikas rendered military service to the king during war and taking up cultivation during peace times.
  • Under Baxi Jagandhu Bidyadhara , paikas unfurled the banner of rebellion against the British rule in 1817 .
  • After 2 years of rebellion, they were finally suppressed by British in 1919. Baxi Jagabandhu was finally arrested in 1825and died in captivity in 1829.
  • Many historians have opined that the Paika Rebellion of 1817 was India’s first organized armed rebellion against British Raj

Tamil Nadu government proposed a project to boost groundwater.

TNPSC Current Affairs July 2017

To boost a Groundwater and preventing flood water draining into the sea, Tamil Nadu Water Resources Department has proposed a project to construct different kinds of artificial recharge structure across the river basins.

The artificial structures such as check dams, dykes, recharge wells, and recharge shafts to sustain resources and improve groundwater quality. Recharge structures will be constructing across the river basins under the Green climate fund under UN framework convention on climate change.

Friday

TNPSC Current Affairs July 19, 2017 for Group 1, Group 2,2a, Group 4, VAO and other exams

TNPSC Current Affairs July 2017

1.MoU between India and Netherlands on cooperation in space technology  

India and Netherlands has signed the Memorandum of Understanding on cooperation in the exploration and uses of outer space for peaceful purpose.
  
The cooperation such as, space science, technology and applications including remote sensing of the earth; satellite communication and satellite based navigation; Space science and planetary exploration; use of spacecraft and space systems and ground system; and application of space technology (as per official release)

2.TR Zeliang sworn in as Nagaland CM
TR. Zeliang sworn in as Chief Minister of Nagaland. He was 19th Chief Minister of Nagaland


Wednesday

Malabar-2017 Exercise came to end.

TNPSC Current Affairs July 2017

The 10 day annual trilateral Naval exercise Malabar 2017 between India, the United States and Japan had a spectacular end. The exercise aims to increase deeper military ties and interoperability among the three navies and develop common understanding of procedures for Maritime Security Operations in the strategically important Indo-Pacific region.

About MALABAR-17 
  • The exercise held at 2 phases, professional interactions during the Harbour phase at Chennai and operational activities at sea during the sea phase.
  • Sea phase also included Aircraft Carrier operations, Air Defence, Anti-Submarine Warfare (ASW), Surface Warfare, Visit Board Search and Seizure (VBSS), Search and Rescue, Joint Manoeuvres and Tactical procedures
  • Indian Navy was represented by aircraft carrier INS Vikramditya and other naval ships

 About Malabar Exercise: 
  • It is a Trilateral Naval Exercise which includes India, US and Japan.
  • It was begun in 1992 as a bilateral naval exercise between India and US, later in 2015 Japan has included as permanent member.
  • The past non-member participants are Singapore and Australia.
  • The exercise will take place alternatively in Indian and western Pacific Ocean.
  • The exercise will be held in two phases, Harbour phase and at Sea Phase.
  • The exercise includes diverse activities including complex surface, sub-surface and air operations
  • It will help maritime security in the Indo-pacific region which will benefit the global maritime community


TNPSC Current Affairs July 17 and 18, 2017 for Group 1, Group 2,2a, Group 4, VAO and other exams

TNPSC Current Affairs July 2017

1.Malabar-2017 Exercise came to end.

The 10 day annual trilateral Naval exercise Malabar 2017 between India, the United States and Japan had a spectacular end. The exercise aims to increase deeper military ties and interoperability among the three navies and develop common understanding of procedures for Maritime Security Operations in the strategically important Indo-Pacific region.

About MALABAR-17 
  • The exercise held at 2 phases, professional interactions during the Harbour phase at Chennai and operational activities at sea during the sea phase.
  • Sea phase also included Aircraft Carrier operations, Air Defence, Anti-Submarine Warfare (ASW), Surface Warfare, Visit Board Search and Seizure (VBSS), Search and Rescue, Joint Manoeuvres and Tactical procedures
  • Indian Navy was represented by aircraft carrier INS Vikramditya and other naval ships

 About Malabar Exercise: 
  • It is a Trilateral Naval Exercise which includes India, US and Japan.
  • It was begun in 1992 as a bilateral naval exercise between India and US, later in 2015 Japan has included as permanent member.
  • The past non-member participants are Singapore and Australia.
  • The exercise will take place alternatively in Indian and western Pacific Ocean.
  • The exercise will be held in two phases, Harbour phase and at Sea Phase.
  • The exercise includes diverse activities including complex surface, sub-surface and air operations
  • It will help maritime security in the Indo-pacific region which will benefit the global maritime community


2.Annual Anayoootu, or the feeding of elephant ceremony held at Kerala

Annual Anayootu or the feeding of elephant ceremony held Thekkinkadu Maidan Maidan in front of Sree Vadakkunnathan Temple in Thrissur district, Kerala. More than 50 elephants lined up for the annual ritual.


Eraniel palace - Kanyakumari District.

TNPSC Current Affairs July 2017

Eraniel palace is located at Kanyakumari district. It was a treasure house and seasonal capital of Venad dynasty and later it came under Travancore Kings.

Eraniel palace lost its glory once Travancore kings shifted its capital from Padmanabhapuram to Thiruvananthapuram. Eraniel palace was also known as “Ranasinganallur”.

Sunday

TNPSC Current Affairs July 16, 2017 for Group 1, Group 2,2a, Group 4, VAO and other exams

TNPSC Current Affairs July 2017 

1.Sangita Kalanidhi 2017 Award for Ravikiran
Chitraveena maestro, N. Ravikiran to get Sangita Kalanidhi Award for the year 2017. Sangita Kalanidhi Award is an annual award given to an expert Carnatic Musician by the Madras Music Academy.

2.Lewis Hamilton wins British Grand Prix
Lewis Hamilton wins the Formula one British Grand prix 2017. This was his 5th British Grand Prix title equalling Jim Clark’s record.

3.Roger Federer won Wimbledon title 2017 

Roger Federer won Men’s single Wimbledon title 2017 beating Marin Cilic by 6-3, 6-1, 6-4. This was his 8th Men’s singles title.

TNPSC Current Affairs July 15, 2017 for Group 1, Group 2,2a, Group 4, VAO and other exams

 TNPSC Current Affairs July 2017

1.Civil engineering professor proposes the bold concept for solving coral bleaching.

Mo Ehsani, Centennial Professor Emeritus of Civil Engineering at the University of Arizona, has proposed the innovative solution for the worldwide coral bleaching crisis.

He said that there is an endless supply of cool water just a short distance away, at the bottom of the ocean, and yet the warm water at the shallow reefs is killing the coral.

To solve this, he has come up with idea to manufacture a durable, lightweight, single-piece pipe that is long enough to continually feed cooler water from nearby greater depths to the heat-stressed coral in the shallow water.

He also said that floating Wave Energy Converter (WEC) will use to generate the electricity required to power the pumps needed to maintain constant flow of cool water


2.Sundar Singh Gurjar wins gold medal at World Para Athletics

Sundar Singh Gurjar wins the gold medal at the World Para Athletics Championships in the Men’s javelin throw event.


3.Garbine Muguruza won Women’s Wimbledon Title 2017.


Garbine Muguruza from Spain has won the Women’s Wimbledon 2017 tennis tournament beating Venus Williams in straight sets 7-5,6-0. 

Saturday

Indian Scientist discovered “Saraswati” a super cluster of galaxies.

TNPSC Current Affairs July 2017

Indian Scientist has claimed to discovered a super cluster of galaxies , which is some 4000 million light years away from Earth and named it as Saraswati after the Hindu goddess of knowledge.

It was discovered by astronomers from the Inter University Centre for Astronomy & Astrophysics (IUCAA), and Indian Institute of Science Education and Research (IISER), in Pune, Maharashtra.

About Super clusters:
  • Super clusters are the largest Coherent structures seen in the Universe.
  • It is a group of clusters of galaxies, bound by gravity, often stretching to several hundred times the size of clusters of galaxies, consisting of tens of thousands of galaxies.
  • There are only four or five known super clusters of this size in the universe.
  • The first large supercluster to be discovered was the Shapley supercluster.

TNPSC Current Affairs July 13 and 14, 2017 for Group 1, Group 2,2a, Group 4, VAO and other exams

TNPSC Current Affairs July 2017

1.Indian Scientist discovered “Saraswati” a super cluster of galaxies.

Indian Scientist has claimed to discovered a super cluster of galaxies , which is some 4000 million light years away from Earth and named it as Saraswati after the Hindu goddess of knowledge.

It was discovered by astronomers from the Inter University Centre for Astronomy & Astrophysics (IUCAA), and Indian Institute of Science Education and Research (IISER), in Pune, Maharashtra.

About Super clusters:
  • Super clusters are the largest Coherent structures seen in the Universe.
  • It is a group of clusters of galaxies, bound by gravity, often stretching to several hundred times the size of clusters of galaxies, consisting of tens of thousands of galaxies.
  • There are only four or five known super clusters of this size in the universe.
  • The first large supercluster to be discovered was the Shapley supercluster.


Thursday

TNPSC Current Affairs July 12, 2017 for Group 1, Group 2,2a, Group 4, VAO and other exams

TNPSC Current Affairs July 2017

1.Cabinet approved the Joint Interpretative Notes pact with Bangladesh.

Union Cabinet has given its nod for the Joint Interpretative Notes (JIN) on the agreement between India and Bangladesh for the promotion and protection of Investment.

It plays an important supplementary role in strengthening the investment treaty regime. It helps States can foster a more predictable and coherent reading of treaty terms by arbitration tribunals

About JIN:
  • It helps to give clarity to the interpretation of the existing agreement between both the nations for the Promotion and Protection of Investments
  • It includes explanatory notes adopted jointly for many clauses, includes,the definition of investor, definition of investment, exclusion of taxation measures, Fair and Equitable Treatment.
  • Also National Treatment and Most Favoured Nation (MFN) treatment, expropriation, essential security interests and Settlement of Disputes between an Investor-and a Contracting Party.


2.Varanasi to get International Rice Research Institute (IRRI)

Union Cabinet has approved establishment of the International Rice Research Institute, South Asia Regional Center (ISARC) at campus of National Seed Research and Training Center (NSRTC) in Varanasi.
           

3.Mithali raj becomes highest run getter in ODI

Indian Women’s Cricket Team captain Mithali Raj has becomes the highest run getter in One day International Cricket surpassing former England captain Charlotte Ed

Cabinet approved the Joint Interpretative Notes pact with Bangladesh.

TNPSC Current Affairs July 2017

Union Cabinet has given its nod for the Joint Interpretative Notes (JIN) on the agreement between India and Bangladesh for the promotion and protection of Investment.

It plays an important supplementary role in strengthening the investment treaty regime. It helps States can foster a more predictable and coherent reading of treaty terms by arbitration tribunals

About JIN:



  • It helps to give clarity to the interpretation of the existing agreement between both the nations for the Promotion and Protection of Investments
  • It includes explanatory notes adopted jointly for many clauses, includes,the definition of investor, definition of investment, exclusion of taxation measures, Fair and Equitable Treatment.
  • Also National Treatment and Most Favoured Nation (MFN) treatment, expropriation, essential security interests and Settlement of Disputes between an Investor-and a Contracting Party.

Wednesday

TNPSC Current Affairs July 11, 2017 for Group 1, Group 2,2a, Group 4, VAO and other exams

TNPSC Current Affairs July 2017

1.Earth’s sixth mass extinction is underway – Scientist.

Scientist says that Earth is going to face  sixth mass extinction and is more severe than previously thought and  humans are the primary cause of massive loss.

The new study published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, argues the loss of wildlife a "biological annihilation" that represents a "frightening assault on the foundations of human civilisation".

About the Study: 
  • Scientist further said that Earth has gone through five mass extinctions, which has wiped out high proportion of life mainly due to natural forces like climate changes, huge volcanic eruptions or catastrophic meteor strikes
  • But the 6th extinction which is underway would be the first to be driven by the activity of humans like such as deforestation, overpopulation, pollution, poaching etc.
  • It is due to human overpopulation , continued population growth, overconsumption or greed especially by the rich .
  • Scientist also warned there will be a huge wildlife loss if no changes is made within next 20 years. 
Previous Mass Extinctions

443 million years ago(End Ordovician period)
Due to sea level fall by 100 m, that wiped out 60-70 % of all species.

360 million years ago (Late Devonian Period)
Due to prolonged climate change event, with shallow seas the worst affected areas, nearly saw all corals disappearing.

250 million years ago(Permian Triassic period) 
Third mass extinction also known as the great dying, almost 96 % of species died, due to Massive volcanic eruptions in Siberia which lead to global warming.
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200 million years ago (Triassic-Jurassic)
Forth mass extinction due to Climate change, an asteroid impact and flood basalt

65 million years ago( Cretaceous tertiary)
Fifth Mass extinction, due to giant asteroid impact which saw the death of dinosaurs.


2.World population day – July 11


World population day is an annual event observed on July 11 with focus attention on the urgency and importance of population issues. This year it observed with the theme of “Family Planning: Empowering People, Developing Nations”

ந.பிச்சமூர்த்தி

GROUP   II   &   II A          தமிழ்          பகுதி – இ தமிழ் அறிஞர்களும் , தமிழ் தொண்டும் புதுக்கவிதை – ந.பிச்சமூர்த்தி , சி.சு...