TNPSC Current Affairs May 2017
Tamil Nadu Government allotted 1500 crore for deep sea fishing Project.
Tamil Nadu government has allotted Rs 1500 Crore for the deep-sea fishing project which aims to end the bottom trawling by Indian Fisherman.
The project will replace the trawlers with 2000 deep-sea fishing boats with long lines and gill nets in 3 years. The production of deep-sea fishing boats takes 9 months but as per project , it planned to compress the period into 6 months.
Why Deep Sea fishing project?
- The deep sea Fishing project aims to end the bottom trawling by Indian Fisherman.
- The project will train the fisherman in deep sea fishing and capacity building.
- The deep sea voyage duration is around 15 to 28 days, it can yield 8-10 tonnes of fish and get profit around Rs 7- 8 lakhs.
Bottom Trawling and its impact
- Bottom Trawling is the main issue between Indian and Srilankan Fisherman.
- Bottom Trawling is a trawling along the sea floor using heavily weighted nets, which is considered very bad in fishing circles as it wipes out everything in their path including coral reefs, sea grasses or rock gardens which fish hide from predators.
- Bottom trawling will end up many creatures mistakenly including endangered fish and even vulnerable corals which can live for several years.
- It also destroy large areas of seafloor habitat which give food and shelter to marine species and this will leave the marine ecosystem permanently damaged.