Educational Thoughts of
Mahatma Gandhi is not only
the non-violent freedom fighter but also a world renowned educational
He gave a system of
education called ‘Basic System of Education.
His educational thoughts
were experimented in Sabarmati and Sewagram Ashram.
Basic Education: Activity
Basic education is
absolutely a new philosophy of education which rejected bookish education and
Verbalism and gave priority to practical manual work.
It integrates home, school
Aims of Basic Education
v All- round development
of the personality of the
child that is
physical , mental , intellectual , aesthetic, moral and spiritual.
v Self-sufficiency, Gandhiji said that economic
self-sufficiency is the most important fruit of good education.
development according to Gandhiji one of the functions of education is to
impart cultural heritage.
v The training for
v Preparation for
Features of Basic Education
v Free and compulsory education for all from the age 7
v Craft is the centre of education.
v Self-supporting education.
v Mother tongue as the medium of instruction.
v Ideal of citizenship.
v Co-operative living.
Value of Basic Education
v The basic education
is a sound scheme of education from the
pedagogic, economic, psychological and social point of view.
v It maintains a
balance between the intellectual and practical phase of experience.
v It is based on the educational
principle of learning by doing.
v The student’s
knowledge is more valuable and effective than bookish knowledge. The practical
learning increases the productivity also.
v It removes the artificial
distinction of castes, colour, creed and race.
v The attitude of the
children towards work will be a good one.
v It is an activity
and utilitarian curriculum.
v It has cultural
content and related to the environment of the child.
v It includes
vocational subjects, social studies and general sciences.
v Craft is an essential part of curriculum.
Method of Teaching
v Gandhiji rejected
v He recommended
craft-oriented education through basic methods ‘‘Learning by doing ’’ and ‘‘Learning
v His basic education
is very practical and it is related to the socio economic background and the
basic occupation of the child.
v It links education
v The teacher should
possess all the values desirable by the society.
v He should be a man
of sincerity, honesty with love and affection.
v He should be a
peace – loving nationalist.
v He should be a doer,
thinker and planner.
v He should teacher through example.
v He should have the
ability to relate the various subjects with craft.
v Self – discipline
freedom is essential.
v Basic education
being vocational in nature needs freedom.
v Freedom is necessary for the creativity of the
v Thus we can
describe the educational thoughts of Mahatma Gandhiji.
v He encouraged
activity based learning and his learning is by doing things.