Prose Author Details
Liam O'Flaherty(1896–1984) was an Irish
novelist and short story writer and a major figure in the Irish
literary renaissance. He was a founding member of the Communist
Party of Ireland. A native Irish-speaker from the Gaeltacht, O'Flaherty
wrote almost exclusively in English, except for a small number of short stories
in the Irish language. He spent most of his time in travelling and lived
comfortably and quietly outside the spotlight.
William Shakespeare(1564–1616) was
born in Stratfordupon-Avon, England. He was an English poet,
playwright and actor. Widely regarded as both the greatest writer in the
English language and the world's pre-eminent dramatist. His surviving
body of work includes 37 plays, 154 sonnets and two narrative poems,
the majority of which he penned between 1589 and 1613.
Alphonse Daudet(1840-1897) was a French novelist and short-story
writer. The Last Lesson is set in the days of the Franco-Prussian
War (1870-1871) in which France was defeated by Prussia led by Bismarck.
Prussia then consisted of what now are the nations of Germany,
Poland and parts of Austria. In this story the French districts of
Alsace and Lorraine have passed into Prussian hands.
Mary Mapes Dodge
Mary Mapes Dodge (1831–1905) was an American children's
author and editor, best known for her
novel Hans Brinker. She was
the recognized leader in juvenile
literature for almost a third of the
nineteenth century. Dodge conducted St.
Nicholas for more than
thirty years, and it became one of the
most successful magazines for
children. She was able to persuade many
of the great writers of the
world to contribute to her children's
magazine – Mark Twain, Louisa
May Alcott, Robert Louis Stevenson,
Joseph Bell (1837-1911).He was a lecturer in medicine whose detective
approach to diagnosis inspired Arthur Conan Doyle's character Sherlock Holmes.
The wider picture in Scotland at the time is set out in our Historical
Timeline. Joseph Bell was born in Edinburgh.
Sir Arthur Ignatius Conan Doyle
Sir Arthur Ignatius Conan
Doyle (1859-1930) was a British writer best known for his
detective fiction featuring the character of Sherlock Holmes, which are
generally considered milestones in the field of crime fiction. Doyle wrote
forty-six short stories featuring the famous detective. The story is narrated
by the character, Dr.Watson. Originally a physician, in 1887 he published
A Study in Scarlet, the first of four novels about Holmes and Dr. Watson.
In addition, Doyle wrote over fifty short stories featuring the famous
detective. The Sherlock Holmes stories are generally considered
milestones in the field of fiction. His notable works include
Stories of Sherlock Holmes and The Lost World.
Sachin Ramesh Tendulkar
Ramesh Tendulkar was born on 24th April 1973 in Mumbai, Maharastra. He was a
former Indian cricketer and captain widely regarded as one of the greatest
cricketers of all time. He made an impact in cricket from a very early age,
displaying a prodigious talent. The world famous cricketer has set many records
in his career and is considered as one of the greatest Batsman of all times. He
is the only player to have scored one hundred international centuries, the
first to score double century in a One Day International , and the only player
to complete more than 30,000 runs in international cricket. He played 664
international cricket matches in total, scoring 34,357 runs. In 2012, Tendulkar
was nominated to the Rajya Sabha. He retired from cricket on 16th November
2013. ‘Learning the Game’ is an extract from his autobiography Playing it My
Samuel Langhorne Clemens
Samuel Langhorne Clemens (1835-1910), better known by his pen
name Mark Twain, was an American writer, humourist, entrepreneur, publisher and
lecturer. Twain was raised in Hannibal, Missouri, which later provided the
setting for his novels. His famous works are The Adventures of Tom Sawyer and
The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn.
Sir Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman
Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman (7 November 1888 – 21 November 1970) was an
Indian physicist born in Tiruchirappalli. He carried out ground-breaking work
in the field of light scattering, which earned him the 1930 Nobel Prize for
Physics. He discovered that when light traverses a transparent material, some
of the deflected light changes wavelength. This phenomenon, subsequently known
as Raman scattering, results from the Raman effect and to commemorate it,
February-28 is celebrated as National Science Day. In 1954, India honoured him
with its highest civilian award, the Bharat Ratna.
Nehru (14 November 1889 – 27 May 1964) was the first Prime Minister of India
and a central figure in Indian politics before and after independence. He
emerged as an eminent leader of the Indian independence movement under the
tutelage of Mahatma Gandhi and served India as Prime Minister from its
establishment as an independent nation in 1947 until his death in 1964. He is
considered to be the architect of the modern Indian nation-state: a sovereign,
socialist, secular, and democratic republic. He was also known as ‘Pandit
Nehru’ while many Indian children knew him as ‘Uncle Nehru’.
William Temple Hornaday
William Temple Hornaday, Sc.D. (December 1, 1854 - March 6, 1937) was an
American zoologist , conservationist, taxidermist, and author. He was a pioneer
in the early wild life conversation movement in the United States. During his
life time he published many books and articles on the need for conservation of
Hawthorne (July 4, 1804 – May 19, 1864) was an American novelist, dark
romantic, and short story writer. His works often focus on history, morality,
and religion. He was born in 1804 in Salem, Massachusetts, to Nathaniel
Hathorne and the former Elizabeth Clarke Manning. The biography of Sir Isaac
Newton was published in Nathaniel Hawthorne's, True Stories from History and
Rabindranath Tagore (1861-1941), Nobel prize-winning Bengali poet,
author, philosopher, artist, and educator wrote “Gitanjali” (1912). "My
Reminiscences" was written and published in his fiftieth year, shortly
before he started on a trip to Europe and America for his failing health in
1912. It was in the course of this trip that he wrote for the first time in the
English language for publication.
is a short story writer, novelist and poet, the favourite writer of Indian
children. His first novel, Room on the Roof, was published when he was still in
his teens. This novel won him the John Rhys Memorial Award in 1957. He also
writes about children and the simple hill folk of Uttarakhand. Simplicity and
fluency of language and an insight into human nature are hallmarks of his
style. His major writings include An Island of Trees, A Bond with the Mountains
and The India I Love. He has also been honoured with the Sahitya Akademi Award
for his contribution to Indian literature.
Rajagopalachari (1878-1972) informally called Rajaji, was an Indian politician,
independence activist, lawyer, writer, historian and statesman. Rajagopalachari
was born in the village of Thorapalli in the Krishnagiri district.
Rajagopalachari was the last Governor-General of India, as India soon became a
Republic in 1950. Furthermore, he was the first Indian-born governor-general,
since before him the posts were held by British nationals. He also served as
leader of the Indian National Congress, Premier of the Madras Presidency,
Governor of West Bengal, Minister for Home Affairs of the Indian Union and
Chief Minister of Madras state. He was one of the first recipients of India's
highest civilian award, the Bharat Ratna.