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TNPSC English Study Material- Figure of Speech" Rhyme Scheme, Repetition, Apostrophe"

Figure of Speech

Rhyme Scheme,

Specific pattern used in a poem that determines which lines rhyme at the end of the poem.


Twinkle, twinkle, little star,
How I wonder what you are.

Up above the world so high,
Like a diamond in the sky.

The rhyme scheme of the poem is determined in the last word of each line, Star and Are in first stanza and High and Sky in second stanza.  



It is word or phrases which is repeated in a sentence or a poetical line.

  1. Let the dead past bury its dead
  2. Act, act in the living present
  3. Pining for a new agony, a new birth.



When a character speaks to an object or an idea, or someone which doesn’t exist or absent or dead in literary work to produce dramatic effect  and to show importance to it.

  1. Oh, Jasmine, how sweet you smell and how bright you look
  2. Bike, please get me to work today.

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