v The tragedy/charity model of disability depicts disabled people as victims of circumstances who are deserving of pity.
v This model treats the disabled as dependent upon the society.
v It has an emotional appeal towards the disabled.
v The disabled are treated as helpless victims needing “care and protection”.
v Initial efforts of the government and individuals were based on this model.
v Government was allocating large chunk of fund for the welfare of persons with disabilities.
v The non- governmental organisations working for the benefit of persons with disabilities also relies on the donations and government grants.
v This model aims at providing care and protection on charity basis.
v Traditionally in the competitive business of fund-raising, ‘Children in Need ‘are illustrated as young victims of famine, poverty, child abuse and other circumstances.
v Over 4, 00,000 adults in Great Britain are affected by institutionalisation.
Functional model/economic model
v Person’s inability to participate in work.
v This model is directly related to the charity model.
v It also assesses the degree to which impairment affects an individual productivity and economic consequences for the individual, employer and the state.
v The economic model is used primarily by policy milers to assess distribution of benefits to those who are unable to participate fully in work.
Salient features of functional model of disability
v The reason for the inability is not their impairment but the physical or social barriers that exist in the society.
v This model argues that it is the society which has to undergo a change and not the individual with a disability.
v This model regards the disability as a deficiency that must be fixed by rehabilitation professional or other helping professional.
v It regards the person with a disability as in need of services from a rehabilitation professional that can provide training, therapy, counselling or other services.
v It gained acceptance after WORLD WAR-II after when many disabled veterans needed to be re-introduced into society.