Educational Thoughts of
u Mahatma Gandhi is not only the non-violent freedom fighter but also a world renowned educational philosopher.
u He gave a system of education called ‘Basic System of Education.
u His educational thoughts were experimented in Sabarmati and Sewagram Ashram.
Basic Education: Activity Based Education
u Basic education is absolutely a new philosophy of education which rejected bookish education and Verbalism and gave priority to practical manual work.
u It integrates home, school and society.
Aims of Basic Education
v All- round development of the personality of the child that is physical , mental , intellectual , aesthetic, moral and spiritual.
v Self-sufficiency, Gandhiji said that economic self-sufficiency is the most important fruit of good education.
v Cultural development according to Gandhiji one of the functions of education is to impart cultural heritage.
v The training for citizenship.
v Preparation for complete living.
Features of Basic Education
v Free and compulsory education for all from the age 7 to 14.
v Craft is the centre of education.
v Self-supporting education.
v Mother tongue as the medium of instruction.
v Ideal of citizenship.
v Co-operative living.
Value of Basic Education
v The basic education is a sound scheme of education from the pedagogic, economic, psychological and social point of view.
v It maintains a balance between the intellectual and practical phase of experience.
v It is based on the educational principle of learning by doing.
v The student’s knowledge is more valuable and effective than bookish knowledge. The practical learning increases the productivity also.
v It removes the artificial distinction of castes, colour, creed and race.
v The attitude of the children towards work will be a good one.
v It is an activity and utilitarian curriculum.
v It has cultural content and related to the environment of the child.
v It includes vocational subjects, social studies and general sciences.
v Craft is an essential part of curriculum.
Method of Teaching
v Gandhiji rejected bookish education.
v He recommended craft-oriented education through basic methods ‘‘Learning by doing ’’ and ‘‘Learning by living’’.
v His basic education is very practical and it is related to the socio economic background and the basic occupation of the child.
v It links education and productivity.
v The teacher should possess all the values desirable by the society.
v He should be a man of sincerity, honesty with love and affection.
v He should be a peace – loving nationalist.
v He should be a doer, thinker and planner.
v He should teacher through example.
v He should have the ability to relate the various subjects with craft.
v Self – discipline freedom is essential.
v Basic education being vocational in nature needs freedom.
v Freedom is necessary for the creativity of the child.
v Thus we can describe the educational thoughts of Mahatma Gandhiji.
v He encouraged activity based learning and his learning is by doing things.