TNPSC Current Affairs July 2017
1.India japan nuclear deal came into force
India and Japan civil nuclear deal came into force that would enable Japan to export nuclear power plant technology to India. It also can assist with finance for nuclear power plants in India.
India is the only non- None Proliferation treaty (NPT) signatory with which Japan has entered into the civil nuclear deal. As per deal Japan will assist India in nuclear waste management and could undertake joint manufacture of nuclear power plant components.
- Non Proliferation Treaty or NPT is also known as the treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons.
- It is an international treaty to curb the spread of nuclear weapons, technology and help to use nuclear energy peacefully.
- NPT came into force in March 1970. Initially 191 countries adhered to this; later in 2003 North Korea came out from NPT.
- NPT countries are classified into 2 categories, Nuclear weapon state and Non-Nuclear Weapon state. NWS consists of US, Russia, china, France, and UK (all are permanent members of UN Security Council) and rest are NNWS.
- Also NWS has agreed not to help NNWS state to develop acquire nuclear weapons.
- India, Pakistan, Israel, South Sudan remain outside the treaty hence they possess nuclear weapons.
- If they want to join in Non Proliferation Treaty they should dismantle all their nuclear weapons. Only South Africa joined in NPT on 1991 after dismantling all its Nuclear Weapons.
2.Tamil Nadu government proposed a project to boost groundwater.
To boost a Groundwater and preventing flood water draining into the sea, Tamil Nadu Water Resources Department has proposed a project to construct different kinds of artificial recharge structure across the river basins.
The artificial structures such as check dams, dykes, recharge wells, and recharge shafts to sustain resources and improve groundwater quality. Recharge structures will be constructing across the river basins under the Green climate fund under UN framework convention on climate change.
3.The 200th anniversary celebrations of the Paika Rebellion of Odisha
The President of India Shri Pranab Mukharjee, has inaugurated the 200th anniversary celebration of the heroic Paika Rebellion of Odisha, a valiant uprising of Paikas against the British rule.
- Paikas were peasant militias of the Gajapti rulers of Odisha.
- Paikas rendered military service to the king during war and taking up cultivation during peace times.
- Under Baxi Jagandhu Bidyadhara , paikas unfurled the banner of rebellion against the British rule in 1817 .
- After 2 years of rebellion, they were finally suppressed by British in 1919. Baxi Jagabandhu was finally arrested in 1825and died in captivity in 1829.
- Many historians have opined that the Paika Rebellion of 1817 was India’s first organized armed rebellion against British Raj
4.Ram Nath Kovind new president of India
Ram Nath Kovind Elected as 14th President of India, defeating opposition party’s Meira Kumar after garnering 66 percent of the votes in the Electoral College.