TNPSC Current Affairs March 2017
India to loss presence on U.N Scientific Body.
India for the first time in 2 decades not have a member in a prestigious U.N Scientific Body, CLCS (Commission on Legal Continental Shelf) and UNCLOS (united nations convention on the law of the sea ),that decides what portions of the seabed can be used for mining natural resources like oil, metals and minerals.
Sources said that India will nominates candidate to another UN Body called ITLOS (the International Tribunal for the law of the Sea )
Function of CLCS and UNCLOS:
As per UNCLOS from the continental self, the coastal state has rights to explore or mining natural resources like oil, gas, metal, mineral and other biological resources of the sea bed. The legal continental shelf is extends up to 200 nautical miles.
if the continental shelf extends beyond 200 nautical miles, state is required by UNCLOS to submit the limits of the continental shelf to Commission on the Limits of the Continental Shelf (CLCS).
It should contains outer limit of the shelf also technical and scientific data to support the claim. The CLCS will analysis and make recommendation. The commission’s recommendation are final .
International Tribunal for the law of the sea is an intergovernmental organization was established by UNCLOS (united nation convention on the law of the sea) .
ITLOS came into force on 16 November 1994, based in Hamburg, Germany. It established an international framework for law over all ocean space its uses and resources. It has 167 signatory plus European Union member.