Educational Thoughts of Plato
v Educator should take advantage of this in the child and educate him.
v He should pay attention to the objects which surround the child.
v The process of education advances through this constant interaction between these objects and mind.
v A beautiful environment provides the right stimulus by which the mind develops.
v For this reason the child should be kept in a beautiful environment.
v The human being requires such environment not only in his childhood but also throughout his entire life.
v Because according to Plato the process of education is never complete.
v Plato laid the greatest stress on mental development in education.
v Education aims not merely at providing information but at training the individual in his duties and rights as a citizen.
i. Bodily Development
ii. Educational Impressions
iii. Training in Music
Role of Teacher
v The educator is considered to have the greatest importance.
v He is like the torch – bearer who leads a man lying in dark cave.
v His task is to bring the educed out of darkness of the cave into the light of the day.
v The methods of teaching Plato believe imitation to be of the greatest importance he shows that the child learns a great deal through limitation.
Education According to Social Status
v In any society the productive class is invariably the largest in size.
v In Plato’s scheme of education this class is granted only primary education which implies that productive class actually requires no more than primary education.
v Plato’s educational plan pays no attention to the individual differences.
v He suggested the some kind of education to be given to the entire class of people according to a uniform curriculum.
v Plato’s insistence on philosophy could only lead to an increase in number of contemplative individuals at the expense of more practical members.
v Plato’s curriculum neglected training in literature by stressing the importance of training in mathematics.
v In spite of the above defects many of the finest teachers still consider Plato as their only true guide.