TNPSC Current Affairs July 2017
1.Exercise Malabar begins in Bay of Bengal
India, US and Japanese navies has begun exercise, MALABAR-17 in the Bay of Bengal with the aim to increase interoperability between the three navies well as develop common understanding and procedures for maritime security operations.
The main objective of the exercise is to deepen the military ties between three countries.
- The exercise will held in 2 phase , professional interactions during the Harbour phase at Chennai and operational activities at sea during the sea phase.
- Sea phase also includes Aircraft Carrier operations, Air Defence, Anti-Submarine Warfare (ASW), Surface Warfare, Visit Board Search and Seizure (VBSS), Search and Rescue, Joint Manoeuvres and Tactical procedures
- Indian Navy will be represented by aircraft carrier INS Vikramditya.
About Malabar Exercise:
- It is a Trilateral Naval Exercise which includes India, US and Japan.
- It was begun in 1992 as a bilateral naval exercise between India and US, later in 2015 Japan has included as permanent member.
- The past non-member participants are Singapore and Australia.
- The exercise will take place alternatively in Indian and western Pacific Ocean.
- The exercise will be held in two phases, Harbour phase and at Sea Phase.
- The exercise includes diverse activities including complex surface, sub-surface and air operations
- It will help maritime security in the Indo-pacific region which will benefit the global maritime community
2.IROAF won Golden Peacock Award for eco innovation for the year 2017.
Indian Railways Organization for Alternate Fuel (IROAF) is a special unit of railway has won the prestigious Golden Peacock Award for Eco Innovation for the year 2017 for introducing environment friendly CNG in DEMU Passenger train for the substitution of fossil fuel (Diesel)
About IROAF and its eco-friendly fuel:
- IROAF was established by Ministry of Railways to explore new environment friendly fuels/ renewable energy and eco- friendly technologies.
- IROAF has introduced CNG based dual fuel 1400 HP engine against the diesel fuel was the first in the world to be used in train sets for passenger.
- This will help to reduce the emissions by bringing down Nox by 16 Per cent , CO2 by 6% and Particulate matter by 18 Per cent also achieving economy in fuel cost by 8 Per cent.
- At present 20% substitution of diesel by CNG, has potential to save up to Rs.1360 Cr annually, if implemented over entire fleet of Diesel Locomotives of Indian Railways.