TNPSC Current Affairs May 2017
Pneumonia Vaccine has been included in India’s Universal Immunization Programme (UIP).
India has included Pneumonia Vaccine in Universal Immunization Programme, which will protect children against pneumococcal disease. 13-valent Pneumococcal Conjugate Vaccine (PCV 13) has been selected for immunization programme
Vaccine will protect around 2.7 lakh children against 12 preventable diseases.
- In India, pneumococcal disease is one of the leading causes of deaths in children younger than 5 years of age.
- The aim of the programme is no child in the country dies from vaccine preventable disease.
- The first phase of 3-dose Pneumococcal conjugate vaccine has been rolled out in Himachal Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh and Bihar in 2017. The Second Phase will be rolled out in Rajasthan and Madhya Pradesh next year.
- PCV-13 will give protection against 13 types of pneumococcal bacteria which cause pneumonia.
- Universal Immunisation Programme is a free vaccination programme launched by Government of India in 1985 .
- It provides vaccination free of cost against 10 vaccine preventable diseases, namely Diphtheria, Pertussis, Tetanus, Polio, Measles, severe form of Childhood Tuberculosis, Hepatitis B and Meningitis & Pneumonia caused by Hemophilus Influenza type B.
- It also includes Japanese Encephalitis in JE endemic districts and Rotavirus diarrhoea in selected states and now it has included Pneumococcal Conjugate Vaccine.
- It is one of the largest immunization programmes in the world and a major public health intervention in the country which give maximum protection to the children against vaccine preventable Diseases.
- Under UIP,Mission Indradhanush’ has been launched 2014 to fully immunize more than 89 lakh children who are either unvaccinated or partially vaccinated.