TNPSC Current Affairs April 2017
1.The HIV and AIDS (Prevention and Control) Bill, 2017 passed in Parliament
Parliament has passed the HIV and AIDS (prevention and control) Bill 2014, to ensure equal rights to person affected by HIV and AIDS in getting treatment, admission in educational institutions and jobs..
Union health minister JP Nadda said that Indian Government will take care of the treatment for the person having HIV and AIDS.
India has almost 21 lakh people living with HIV/AIDS, the third highest after South Africa and Nigeria.
About the Bill:
- Nadda said that The bill aim to prevent and control the spread of HIV and AIDS.
- It prohibits discrimination against person affected with HIV and AIDS, provides for informed consent and confidentiality with regard to their treatment, places obligations on establishments to safeguard their rights, and creates mechanisms for redressing their complaints.
- Bill also prohibits discrimination against denial, termination, discontinuation or unfair treatment in employment, educational institutions, healthcare services, renting property, contesting for public or private office, and provision of insurance.
- The bill also say, no HIV test, treatment, or research will be conducted on a person affected by HIV without his informed consent and also no person should be compel to disclose the HIV status.
2.Union Government to launch SAMPADA scheme for food processing
Union Government going to launch Scheme for Agro-Marine Produce Processing and Development of Agro-Processing Clusters (SAMPADA) for Food Processing. It was said by Food Processing Minister Harsimrat Kaur Badal . The Scheme aimed to combine both current and new schemes in reducing food wastage and double the income of farmers by 2022.
Importance of Scheme:
- The main objective of the scheme is to improving the entire food supply chain.
- It will create three schemes like Creation, Expansion of Food processing and Preservation Capacities, New Agro-Processing Clusters and Backward and Forward Linkages are on anvil.
- Scheme is also to bring down post harvest losses preferably to zero level, provide quality food to consumers at cheaper price and for doubling of farmers' income by boosting Food processing sector.
- To improve Food Processing sector the union Government has sanctioned 42 mega food parks and 234 cold chain projects with 139 lakh tonnes of preserving and processing capacity of agro-produce worth Rs 35,000 crore.
- This Food Parks will prevent , post harvest losses estimated as 90,000 crore annually.