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TNPSC Current Affairs 2017 February 22(Full)

1.India, Rwanda signs 3 MoUs in Innovation, aviation and visa deals.

India and Rwanda has signed 3 MoUs in Innovation, Aviation sectors and visa requirements during the Vice President Hamid Ansari’s visit to the Rwanda, which will boost the bilateral relationship between the countries.

As per the MoU , both India and Rwanda have concluded a bilateral Air services agreeing for direct flight between Kigali and Mumbai in April.

The other MoUs are to set up an entrepreneurial development centre in Rwanda and mutually exempt from visa requirement for entry of diplomatic and official passport holder.

The MoUs were signed during India-Rwanda business forum organised by FICCI and Rwandan Government.

Rwandan Prime Minister Anastase Murekezi said that this will boost the bilateral relationship between the countries. He also said that , Rwandan Government wants to encourage tourism, also they want Bollywood films to be short in Rwanda, which will help to develop tourism sector in Rwanda.

2. Justice Sapre-Cauvery Tribunal’s New head.

The Supreme Court has appointed Justice Abhay Manohar Sapre as new chairman of the Cauvery water Disputes Tribunal.

Chief Justice of India J S  Khehar has nominated A M Sapre as new Chairman. The post fell vacant after the resignation of Justice B S Chauhan following his appointment as Law commission chairman, in March 2016

A.M Sapre served as Judge at the Madhya Pradesh High Court and Rajasthan High Courts. He also served as Chief Justice of Gauhati and Manipur High court before he was elevated as judge of Supreme Court.

About Cauvery Water Dispute Tribunal:

Cauvery water Tribunal was set up in June 2 1990, after reading the dispute the tribunal announces in 2007 allocating 419 tmc water to Tamil Nadu and 270 tmc to Karnataka, 30tmc ft to Kerala and 7 tmc ft to Puducherry. However both Tamil Nadu and Karnataka filled a review petition before the tribunal to reallocate the water share.

In 2012, the then Prime Minister Manmohan Singh was the chairman of Cauvery River authority and directed Karnataka to release 9000 cusecs of water daily. Again Karnataka Government failed to comply with order.

Again in 2016 the Then Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu Jayalalitha  filed an interlocutory petition in Supreme Court seeking release of water as per guidelines of Cauvery Tribunal and Supreme Court has now directed Karnataka Government to release 15,000 cusecs of water but Karnataka Government Failed to comply with order duet to widespread violent protest.

About Water Dispute Tribunal:

The Interstate River Water Disputes Act 1956 which is enacted in Government of India under Article 262 of Constitution of India made the central Government to settle the issue when there is inter-state water dispute arise.

However in December 2016, the Central Government cleared a proposal to set up single permanent Tribunal to settle interstate water dispute. This helps to speed up the water sharing dispute between states. At present there are 8 Tribunals including cauvery, Mahadayi, Ravi and Beas, Vansadhara, and Krishna River.

3. Corbett Tiger Reserve Gets nod to kill poachers.

The Corbett Tiger Reserve located in Uttarakhand, get not shoot at sight against poachers, but the order is only for self-protection against poachers carrying Arms.

According to the data ,112 tigers have died between November 2000 to November 2016, which includes 56 natural deaths, 19 deaths due to mutual fight, 17 deaths due to accident and 6 deaths due to poaching.

About Corbett Tiger Reserve:

The Corbett Tiger Reserve is located in Nainital district of Uttarakhand, it is the oldest national park in India. It was established in 1936 to protect the endangered Bengal Tiger. It is known for its rich Flora and Fauna and especially its Bengal Tigers.

4. India and Japan Signed Agreement on Rail Safety

India and Japan has signed an Agreement on enhancing Rail Safety in Indian Railways with focus on railway track and rolling stock safety. Agreement was came in during the time when the train derailments are on the rise

The MoU was signed between A.K Mittal , Indian Railway Board Chairman and Hiroshi Tabata, Japan Vice Minister of Ministry of Land, Infrastructure , Transport and Tourism

As Per the Agreement, to check the major rail accidents, both the countries agreed in the areas of cooperation include the Rail Weilding, Rail Inspection and Providing automatic railway track safety inspection, maintenance of rolling stock  and relevant railway safety.

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