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TNPSC Current Affairs 2017 February 26 & 27 (All)

1.ICAR Scientist says, Pests eat away India’s 35% of total crop yield

P.K Chakrabarty , Assistant director General (Plant Protection an Biosafety) of ICAR (Indian council of Agricultural Research) has said that about 30-35% of crops yield in India annually gets wasted because of Pests.

P.K Chakrabarty also said among such pests, Nematodes are the major threat to crops in the country and they caused 60 million tonnes of crops loss annually. He also said that such loss will have an adverse effect on agricultural biosafety which was paramount to Food Security.
  
About Nematodes.

Nematodes are the most numerous multicellular animals on earth, a small amount of soil will contain thousands of microscopic worms. Most of them are parasites of insects, plants or animals.

They found in almost every habitat, includes terrestrial, freshwater, saltwater ecosystems, also within other organisms as parasites. It can be herbivorous, carnivorous, and parasitic.

Nematodes Management

The Plant-parasitic nematodes are a concern for growers of agricultural. These plant-parasitic nematodes will mainly feed on the roots of plants which caused the damage on plants and there will be a huge loss to the farmers.

  • Once he Nematode established in land, it cannot be eradicated. Nematodes are mainly spread through lack of sanitation and movement of infected soil and planting material.
  • To limit a build-up of nematodes, planting equipment and tools should be properly cleaned and also could only be used for the same field.
  • After the harvest infected plants should be destroyed completely to avoid further build-up of nematodes..
  • Crops rotation and Nematodes resistant plants can  also resist the nematodes from build-up.



2.India,ADB signs $375m pact for Visakhapatnam-Chennai corridor

India and Asian Development Bank has signed $375 M pact for loans and grants to develop Vishakapatnam-Chennai Industrial Corridor.

It is the first phase of planned 2500 km East Coast Economic Corridor ADB(Asian Development Bank) has approved $631 M loans and grants for the industrial corridor last September. It approved loans comprising a $500 million multi-tranche facility to build key infrastructure in the four main centres along the corridor — Visakhapatnam, Kakinada, Amaravati, and Yerpedu-Srikalahasti in Andhra Pradesh

The first tranche of $245 million that was signed will finance subprojects to develop high-quality internal infrastructure in 2 of the 4 nodes of the corridor — Visakhapatnam and Yerpedu-Srikalahasti.
Another $125m loan is used for capacity development of institutions engaged in corridor management; provide support to enhance ease of doing business and for supporting industrial and sector policies to stimulate industrial development.

About ADB

Asian Development Bank is a regional developing bank formed in 19th December 1966, with the aim to eradicate poverty from Asia and Pacific region. Its headquarters is in Manila , Philippines with 29 resident missions and 3 representative offices in Tokyo, Frankfurt, and Washington, DC. The main purpose is social and economic development. It has 67 countries as members.


3. India, Germany ratify 2011 social security agreement.

India and Germany have ratified the social Security Agreement, which will come into force from 1st May 2017, help to improve more investment flows between both the countries.

The Pact was signed on 12th October 2011 of which the instruments of ratification were exchanged on Friday.

As per official statement of Ministry of External Affairs ,”the agreement establishes the rights and obligations of nationals of both countries and provides for their equal treatment and unrestricted payment of pensions even in case of residence in the other contracting state”

The Agreement is expected to reduce the operational costs of both countries operation in either of the countries.


4.India, Bangladesh sign MoU for development of Sylhet city

India and Bangladesh has signed MoU(Memorandum of understanding) for the Sustainable development of Sylhet city with Financial Assistance from India.

Indian High Commissioner to Bangladesh Harsh Vardhan Shringla ,Shah Mhd Additional Secretary of the Economic Relations Division Ministry of Finance and Enamul Habib CEO of Sylhet City corporation has signed the MoU.

This is an follow-up for the earlier Mou which was signed in April 2013 by India and Bangladesh for the sustainable development projects in Socio-economic sectors of Bangladesh.

The MoU includes three development projects in Sylhet City- construction of 5-storey kindergarten and high school building, 6 storey cleaner colony building and Development of Dhupa Dighipar area




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